Plymouth Rock, Pilgrim Memorial State Park, Mayflower II
Address: near 70 Water St, Plymouth MA 02360
Hours: Always Open
Pilgrim Memorial State Park – Plymouth Rock
Nearly one million people a year travel from all over the world to see Pilgrim Memorial State Park, which is one of the most heavily visited parks in the Massachusetts state parks system. In 1620, Europeans first made a home in New England. This simple glacial erratic boulder on the shore of Plymouth Harbor has become a world famous symbol of the courage and faith of the men and women who founded the first New England colony. A landscaped waterfront park provides scenic views of Plymouth Harbor.
In 1774, the rock split in two when a team of oxen attempted to raise it. Only the upper portion of Plymouth Rock left the waterfront originally for display in the Town Square. Souvenir seekers caused further deterioration until Plymouth Rock was moved to safety inside an iron fence at the Pilgrim Hall Museum in 1834. It had a rough trip to the museum, though, falling off its conveyance and obtaining its distinctive crack. The Pilgrim Society acquired the other half of Plymouth Rock in 1859, and in 1867, a Plymouth Rock canopy structure was completed at the waterfront to house it. In 1880, the upper chunk was united with the lower piece of Plymouth Rock with cement, and “1620″ was permanently carved into the rock. Plymouth Rock was moved for the last time during the celebration of Plymouth’s tercentenary in 1921 to a new canopy.
Mayflower II, a replica of the ship that brought the first Pilgrims to Massachusetts, is anchored at the park. Pilgrim Memorial State Park has an 81 foot granite monument that memorializes Plymouth Rock and provides the history of Plymouth Rock and Plymouth, MA.
Pilgrim Memorial State Park is located in southeastern Massachusetts. From north or south: Rte. 3 to Rte. 44 (Plymouth). Follow 44 east to waterfront. There is on-site parking.