Category: History

Lessons From the Great Depression You Can Use in Daily Life

The years around the 1930s were a dark period for America. The era known as The Great Recession was one of the worst worse economic collapses in the country’s history, leading to widespread job losses and poverty. Average wages dropped 60%, and many industries ceased production. This was combined with severe droughts that turned the life of everyone upside down.

These difficult times required people to adapt. While things are much different today, with social programs available to help carry some of the burden until a worker can find a new job, it’s essential not to forget that terrible times can strike almost anytime. Just look at the recession and housing market collapse in 2008, or 2020 with the COVID-19 outbreak.

But we aren’t here to talk about economic loss. Instead, we will study a few lessons that people learned during the Great Depression that you can apply to daily life and during times of hardship.

Recycle and Reuse

Put your creativity cap on! Don’t spend money on new things when you can reuse old fabrics, buttons, furniture, and a lot more to craft new interior decor and clothing, such as rags, furniture upholstery, handkerchiefs, artwork, and so on! Disposable bottles and boxes can be used for storage purposes. Following this can help you to save a lot of money that you can then put into saving. Ideally, you have at least six months of emergency savings; some recommend as much as 12 months!

Check on Your Neighbors

During The Great Depression, communities formed to support one another. People worked to make sure that their neighbors didn’t go hungry or needed something they had lying around and not in use. In times of great crises, these communities provide emotional and financial support. Similarly, it would be best to take care of the ones who are less privileged than you.

Save Money

Everyone’s guilty of spending extra on luxuries, from ordering food from a restaurant to overbuying and throwing out the excess, to paying for conveniences such as washing your car or mowing the lawn yard. It’s time to take responsibility for your actions and think about the savings you could enjoy if you performed the chores for yourself. Not only will it save money, but it will help you to change your relationship with money.

Instill Positivity

One of the greatest lessons from The Great Depression is to stay positive and be proud of where you come from. When life throws lemons at you, make lemonade. During The Great Depression, people found happiness in the smallest of things, be it spending time with their loved ones, watching a movie, reading books, or learning a new skill.

Avoid Debt

You should avoid debt like the plague because once you find yourself in debt, there is no way back. If you think that you can pay off debts in the future, you might be wrong because it takes a lot of patience and effort to get out of it. You need to take charge of your finances and list all the debts you have, starting from the lowest to largest. Know the golden rule: buy only what you need and can afford! 

These are just a few lessons you can apply to daily life. You could call The Great Depression a major failure for America. Thankfully, many people learned from that experience, and the country was able to move forward.

Best Books on Founding Fathers

There were seven Founding Fathers who deserves the tribute of heroism, namely George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, James Maddison, Thomas Jefferson, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton. It is good to read about this group to learn about the history of the United States.

One of the best ways to understand them with greater depth is to read books written by people who have made it their life’s work to better known these men.

Best Books on Founding Fathers

The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin was one of the key Founding Fathers, and he wrote a book about himself in 1770. It is fascinating to read the writings of a person who left his mark on history in their own words. The autobiography offers insight into his life, actions, and reasons behind his many choices. 

Washington: The Indispensable Man 

This biography is authored by James Thomas Flexner, who tells the story of George Washington and his guilty romance with his best friend’s wife. The book has four volumes and has won several accolades.

John Adams

The book, John Adams, was written by David McCullough and details the politics around the time and ongoing war with England and within the country’s borders. You will also find valuable insight into human nature and emotions.

The Intimate Lives of the Founding Fathers 

Thomas Fleming writes in The Intimate Lives of the Founding Fathers about heroism and the women who were behind much of the country’s success. It is a story about the struggles, challenges, and the women who earnestly played their parts in birthing this great nation. This book is a must-read for all. 

These books offer great insight into the Found Fathers. Anyone with interest in history or would like to know more about the reasons why the country operates how it does today will find a lot to enjoy with any of the above books. If you are a fan of Civil War books, you will find so much more to enjoy our collection of the best Civil War novels.

Why The Pepperoni Roll is a West Virginia Tradition

Pepperoni rolls, a simple food that consists of baked pepperoni wrapped in cooked yeast and white flour. A delicious delight and West Virginia tradition. This food offers a unique flavor, either hot or cold, the dissolved fat gives the roll a spiced, oily seasoning, and they keep fresh for a long time.

But did you know that pepperoni rolls were first invented, cooked, and sold in West Virginia? This is why the divine snack is a West Virginia tradition.

The Origin of Pepperoni Rolls

It all began in 1927, when the baker and coal miner Giuseppe “Joseph” Argiro, from Country Club Bakery in Fairmont, West Virginia, invented this recipe for fellow-laborers who worked the coal mines. The rolls were a simple snack that stayed fresh and provided a good source of protein and fat. The meal was a hit because not only do it provide a high value of energy, but it was pre-cooked, required no refrigeration, and could be tucked into a pocket or bag wrapped in paper. Today, the heart of the rolls remains true, with only minor modifications being made to spruce up the recipe. 

Pepperoni Rolls and The Tradition

West Virginia takes pride in inventing one of the most popular snacks of the state. Country Club Bakery, now owned by Chris Pallotta, bakes pepperoni rolls fresh using the same recipe from the day the shop opened. The bakery ships out parcels to as many as 50 states where pepperoni roll fans can’t get enough of them. It can be said that this is one of the reasons we would add this food to the list of what makes America inspirational.

Since 1927, the people of Fairmont, West Virginia, have been feasting on this food for as long as they have lived. While other cities of the region have recreated the food, stuffing more ingredients, improvising the shape, and adding to the bread, the original pepperoni roll rules the land. 

If you have a friend or an associate that is an avid fan of the pepperoni roll, you would know who is responsible for its creation. Although for many of us with more unique diets, a carb-heavy and fat-filled item isn’t on all of our dietary lists. However, you can take a probiotic from brands like Klaire Labs, Bioray, or Protocol for Life Balance to help support digestions so you can keep on enjoying your pepperoni rolls! 

What was the Main Purpose of the Declaration of Independence?

The great revolution in the history of man, past, present and future, is the revolution of those determined to be free.” – John F. Kennedy

The Declaration of Independence is one of the most important documents in American history. 

It was the first formal statement given by the Continental Congress signers representing the American people, demanding their right to choose their own government, rather than accepting British rule. 

In 1776, Congress chose to break its ties from Great Britain permanently. A five-man committee was assigned to write the demands for freedom, in black and white. This committee included Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin and John Adams as potential signers, however Jefferson is credited with writing the document. 

Main Purposes of The Declaration of Independence

The signers had a few but very potent purposes to achieve in writing the Declaration of Independence, other than merely announcing their freedom, and include the following:

  1. To get reluctant colonists on-board and to make them realize that loyalty to Britain was not in their favor anymore.
  2. To clarify the position of Congress for the welfare of mankind; since they believe that humans are born free and have certain rights, including the right to choose their own government that will protect their human rights through law.
  3. To prove their valid point through pointing out all the violation of rights done to colonists by King George III, including various unfair tax imposition on Americans, as well as the Molasses Act, the Proclamation of 1763, the Sugar Act, the Currency Act and the Stamp Act, which tightened its grip over the colonies.
  4. To create a theoretical statement that perfectly depict their condition, to justify their action of uprising against government for foreigners to help them with their freedom movement.

The Document Served As A Formal Declaration Of War:

Since Jefferson beautifully presented the idea of democracy in his document by stating that “All humans are created equal, they are gifted with certain unalienable rights by their creator, these include life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”

The violation of basic human rights would, therefor, not be acceptable from then onwards. This call of rebellion served as an open declaration of war between the American colonies and Great Britain. 

The Outcome

All in all, the hard work paid off since the Declaration of Independence served as the most imperative tool that gifted the colonists with freedom. They were now free to practice religion, pay taxes within the country to benefits its development, and so much more. 

When we look at the world today, we understand why it was so important to have a free life!

Famous Cowboys and Gunslingers who Ruled the Wild West

The era of the wild west began after the Civil War in 1865 and has provided some of the most lasting and talked about tenets of American mythology. This period was full of drama because of the lawlessness of the time. 

The era is quite famous in Hollywood movies set against the backdrop of the wild west. However, this condition of anarchy and outlaw dominance lasted for only 30 years.

The era is famous for a number of popular cowboys and outlaws, specially gunslingers, who ruled flatlands, small settles, and became the heroes and villains of American folklore.

Famous Outlaws of the Wild West:

There is something to talk about with these outlaws since they ruled a period of almost three decades, and their business was often deadly and violent. Let’s have a look at the famous cowboys and gunslingers of the famous old west.

Billy The Kid

Henry McCarty, who would become known as Billy the Kid, had a short but remembered career as an outlaw. He spent much of his life in and out of jail and had a record of escaping jail multiple times.

He is said to have murdered a total of 21 men, but most people think this may be exaggerated. He also participated in the Lincoln County War, where he was found guilty of killing several men.

Later, in 1881, he was killed in a shootout while on the run to escape being sentenced to death.

Jesse James

Jesse and his brother Frank turned into criminals after the war, when their family was tortured by soldiers for information. They were turned into the most feared outlaws from the 1860s until 1882.

His gang, “James-Younger Gang,” became famous as they were the most wanted outlaws with a high price on their heads. They robbed more than 20 banks and did train robberies and looted a huge sum of money. 

All told, Jesse was killed by a new member, Bob Ford, who shot him in the back of the head to get all the looted money. 

John Wesley Hardin

John Wesley Hardin was the most famous gunslinger of his time because he killed over 42 people. He was a killer psychopath, known for even killing a man for snoring!

In 1877, he was arrested and served a sentence of sixteen years and was released after reforming into a better person. But he was shot dead due to his old reputation by a lawman in El Paso.

The Wild Bunch

The Wild Bunch was a gang of horse robbers and bank loots. The gang included the famous gunslingers like Sundance Kid, Kid Curry, and Butch Cassidy. They were famous for a train robbery where they stole around $65K, but failed to actually have anything as the bills were unsigned by the bank and therefor worthless.

Conclusion

The old west was a bloody and dangerous period of American history. These famous outlaws were a part of an era of uncertainty when men had taken the law in their hands as the rule of law was scarce.

But the glamor of gunslingers and cowboy culture will not fade in the minds of the majority of Americans; credit goes to the Hollywood movies for keeping them alive in film and television.

Why Chocolate Ration Cards in World War II Were a Big Deal

During World War II, German forces started targeting British ships that were supposed to carry food and other resources, so measures were taken to ensure everyone got their fair share, which led to the concept of rationing.

Rationing began in 1940 when premium food products, like bacon, sugar, and butter, were in limited supply. By 1942, the food conditions were even worse, so even more basic foods were being rationed, such as meat, milk, eggs, cooking fat, and cheese.

D Ration Bars or Military Chocolate

In 1937, during war times when food supply was scarce, the nourishment of soldiers stationed in Europe was kept in consideration as the U.S. War Department called upon chocolate manufacturers to help. Specifically, the government instructed the Hershey company to produce D Ration Bars.

But have you thought why the authorities choose chocolate out of all foods? Because of its high caloric value and caffeine content. It was obviously the best choice as a reliable source of energy for frontline soldiers.

Designing D Ration Bars

D Ration Bars were designed for the purpose of emergency ration supplies. The U.S. Army instructed Hershey to design the bars with the following four instructions:

  1. The chocolate bar has to be lightweight – 4 ounces, to be exact.
  2. It must be highly nutritious.
  3. Must withstand extreme temperatures.
  4. It must taste “a little better than a boiled potato!”

Ingredients Used In Its Making:

D Ration Bars were made by mixing chocolate, sugar, skim milk powder, oat flour, artificial flavors, cocoa butter, and vitamin B1. Skim milk powder was used in place of fresh milk as the government banned the usage of fresh milk for chocolate manufacturing in 1941; this would also help with keeping the product fresh.

The final product was not so appealing because the combination of oat flour and fat made the bar more sort of dense brick and very hard to chew. 

Moreover, the sugar was unable to mask the bitter taste of dark chocolate, making its taste rather awful, but it served the intended purpose, and its production helped to provide sustenance instead of being a flavorful treat. 

Chocolate As a Military Food

The history associated with every product development is astounding, as we see in the case of chocolate production since chocolate’s wartime production helped it to evolve as a food product that is loved by people today.  

Of course, those masses have to contend with a high sugar content found in a lot of chocolate today. For those people looking to maintain healthy blood sugar levels, then blood sugar support from Result RNA, Jarrow Formulas, and Nutramedix may provide the support you want, especially if you are looking to control weight, insulin levels, and more!

Lessons We Can Take From Hunting in Colonial America

Life during colonial times was different in some key ways. Men, women, and children had specific roles to play without which neither of the genders could survive. If the man was responsible for hunting, the women and girls of the house handled domestic chores, while the young boys ran around completing various other essential duties. 

While many things have changed, the ways that we hunt really have changed very much. Here’s what we mean.

Prepare With Weapons 

When the men charged out for hunting, they were always prepared for whatever was waiting for them in the wild. These brave and daring men were brought up in a manner to always be ready to take on all the difficulties that life throws. Hunting was always done in a group. These weapons were often handmade in town or by the hunter using wood and steel for hunting or defense.

Prepare with Hunting Animals

A lot of men preferred keeping hunting dogs and training them to catch prey and bring it back to their master. This was a very effective way of hunting since dogs are natural hunters and are quick to learn while easy to control. 

Chase and Hunt 

Another group of hunters followed a different technique of hunting, which was quite popular in the colonial era in Virginia. This hunting strategy was chasing the prey down various paths until the prey, such as a deer, became exhausted. Once it stops, the hunters could easily kill it with a bow and arrow, which were much easier to make and more economical. But this type of hunting required a large number of hunters. Around 40 to 50 people. Who were also athletic and could follow and surround the prey without injury. 

Stay Still and Hunt

“Still Hunting,” was a hunting approach that was followed by hunters who were not very athletic, but were quick with weapons. These hunters planned their hunt in the earliest hours of dawn and took a hiding spot where they were sure to spot their prey. Once the prey reached the ideal spot, the hunter uses their bow or gun to strike the animal with a mortal wound so that it could not flee very far. This meant less work for the hunter and an easier catch of a recent kill that could be brought home.

We still hunt to this day. While hunting is not as essential for food as it once was, it is a sport that many continue to practice.

What Is the History of American Currency?

Have you ever wondered about the history of the money that is used all around the world? 

Like all nations, the American dollar carries an importance that is unmatchable. After the European Sterling Pound, the American Dollar has the highest value of any currency in the world. 

But how did the country gain its way into this position and allowing the country financial stability while many countries are struggling? 

Contrary to popular belief, The United States of America didn’t start using paper money as its currency. Coins and pennies were accepted as a common currency people paper currency was introduced. 

Establishing a financial system in the country has been tougher than can be narrated here. So here is a brief little flashback of the History of American currency.

Continental Currency 

The first paper currency was issued in 1775 to fund the Revolutionary War. But this only lasted for a short term and was soon devalued. When the war ended, the value of continental currency ended with it. 

Coin of Silver

After the Revolutionary War and the decline of Continental Currency, the country passed the Coinage Act of 1792. The silver coinage last from 1792 to 1863. These coins were made from silver, except 10% of the material was made from copper. Today, silver coins are still used today as dimes and quarters, but they contain 25% nickel and 75% copper with zero traces of silver. 

Coins of Gold

Gold will always be valuable, and so will gold coins. The first gold coin was introduced in 1795. These gold coins are still used for large investments by the upper class who want a portion of their wealth invested outside of property or stocks. 

Demand Notes

Primarily made to fund the Civil War, Demand Notes used green ink that led to the term “Greenbacks.” The government used this note to pay expenses and salaries when normal currency wasn’t available.

Federal Reserve Notes

As the country started to find more opportunities to stabilize itself, the banking system was created, and the paper currency we know today was invented. Federal Reserve Notes were introduced in 1913 and are still used. There a Federal Reserve Notes for $1, $2, $10, $50, and $100 respectfully. Other values have been tried, but five bills have been proven. 

Looking Ahead

The history of American currency is fascinating, but so too is the future of money. Attempts have been made to phase our smaller currency, such as pennies, because they cost more to make than they are worth. With inflation, even a single dollar bill can’t buy very much anymore. Today, more transactions occur online, like when purchasing from brands such as Standard Process, New Chapter, and Megafood. Kids with allowances may get that money from their parents through a program like PayPal, instead of checks or hard currency. Not to mention crypto-currency, which is a whole nother topic.

While all businesses working in the United States are required to accept American currency, many are moving away from bills, requiring instead that you only use credit cards or other forms of digital transactions. 

These Are The Best Civil War Novels

A lot of people enjoy reading. But coming across a good book that can keep you occupied for a long time doesn’t happen very often. Only a few writers are gifted enough with the talent to write a great story filled with excitement and deep and thoughtful characters. 

Writing about the Civil War of America is not as simple as it looks. Filling in the pages with words that can take the reader back in history and connect them with the events of the Civil War is a job only some writers can hope to accomplish. 

Listed below are some of the best novels written on the Civil War. The following writers outdid themselves by crafting novels and allowing future generations to discover the truth surrounding the events of America’s past. 

Battle Cry of Freedom by James McPherson

You will find everything you want to know about the Civil War and the events preceding it in this novel by James McPherson. James did an excellent job by carefully laying out the reasons behind war and how sometimes it is the only option left. The story also argues that the outcomes of war can be justified. 

Personal Memoirs by Ulysses S. Grant 

A writer and a general who valued transparency decided to write with a focus on the interesting details of war. Grant’s novel is one of the many books favorited by people who fancy books about history. 

Landscape Turned Red by Stephen Sears

Read all about the Unions victory and Abraham Lincoln’s strategies about turning situations all into one’s own favor in this book amazingly written by Stephen sears. 

The Civil War: A Narrative by Shelby Foote

Written from a southerner’s point of view, this book will tell the reader the importance of being a soldier at war. Foote also writes about the war and its effect on the West side of the country and the journey of Abraham Lincoln into becoming the man that he is today. 

Mary Chesnut’s Diary by Mary Boykin Chestnut and Catherine Clinton

A woman’s say during the colonial period of American history on the importance of events such as the Civil War on a country being just as important as any man’s. Mary Chestnut’s novel on the war is not about the who and how of war, but instead she narrates the effects of war in a non-military way. 

The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery by Eric Foner

Abraham Lincoln has always been a difficult and confusing figure in history, and there is not a single person who knows everything about him. But this book depicts the 16th president’s life from the beginning and how it was later shaped out through time.

American Inventions that Changed the World

America is responsible for many achievements that have changed the course of time. Our country has produced thinkers and inventors who created objects, both tangible and sometimes intangible, and have helped people in making their lives better. A few excellent examples include these women who brought radical innovation!

Some inventions changed the world and are still in use today, while others evolved to become something else. It is hard to imagine a day without these things because we have become accustomed to them. Below is a look at just a few of these inventions.

Ferris Wheel 

When the Eiffel tower was made in France, America decided to join the race and introduced the Ferris wheel in 1883. After that, many amusement parks built prototypes for what would become the final Ferris wheel design, although there are many interpretations of that original concept found today. Ferris wheels are named after the famous inventor himself, George Washington Gale Ferris.

The Lunar Module

America is the first country to reach for the stars and land on the moon. In 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin hopped into the lunar module that was built by a team of more than 6000 mechanical and technical engineers. 

Laser Printer

in the same year, when one American man landed on the moon, another one invented the laser printer. In 1969, the printing world changed thanks to the laser printer created by a Xerox engineer Gary Starkweather. 

Chocolate Chip Cookies

A comfort food for many, the chocolate chip cookie was invented by Ruth Graves Wakefield in 1930. Chocolate chip cookies have become an integral part of the American dessert cuisine. A lot of ice cream flavors have added chocolate chip cookies to enhance the taste, and chocolate chip cookies milkshakes have become a huge hit, too. 

Traffic Lights

A crucial addition to road safety and management, traffic lights have been controlling road traffic around the world. The first traffic lights were invented in America in the year 1912 by Lester Wire. 

Hearing Aids

People who had trouble hearing and suffered from hearing disabilities owe many thanks o the inventor of hearing aids, Miller Reese Hutchison. Surprisingly enough, Miller wasn’t even a doctor. Still, he took medical classes to understand the functions of the ear and invented the device for people with hearing difficulties, like his childhood friend. 

Cellphones

The cellphone is a device that has changed dramatically over the years. From a device that was located in your car or worn over your shoulder and could make calls without a dedicated phone line, to a device that now can handle the same tasks as a desktop computer and so much more more. The cellphone was first invented by an American engineer Martin Cooper in 1973. He made the first cellular handheld phone. 

For being such a young country, America has gifted the world many creatives who have transformed how we live, built our economy, and the way we live. Looking ahead, we can hope to continue to transform the world with newer and more innovative inventions.