Information Age Inventions Timeline – 1837 – Current
1837 – Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge, Charles Babbage, envisioned the first computer in Analytical Engine
1849 – Brewster Stereoscope developed by the Scottish scientist Sir David Brewster
1941 – Z3 (an electromechanical computer) designed by Konrad Zuse
1942 – Atanasoff–Berry Computer – electronic digital computer
1943 – Colossus machines were electronic computing devices used by British codebreakers to help read encrypted German messages during World War II. They used vacuum tubes (thermionic valves) to perform the calculations.
1946 – ENIAC was conceived and designed by John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert of the University of Pennsylvania. ENIAC was designed to calculate artillery firing tables for the United States Army’s Ballistic Research Laboratory.
1947 – The transistor, which permitted electronic miniaturization, was invented by William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Walter Brattain.
1948 – Information Theory founded by Claude Shannon in his work, “A Mathematical Theory of Communication”
1950 – In telecommunication, a Hamming code is a linear error-correcting code named after its inventor, Richard Hamming.
1962 – The first satellite television signal was relayed from Europe to the Telstar satellite over North America.
1969 – The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), was the world’s first operational packet switching network and the core network of a set that came to compose the global Internet. The network was funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the United States Department of Defense for use by its projects at universities and research laboratories in the US. The packet switching of the ARPANET was based on designs by Lawrence Roberts of the Lincoln Laboratory.
1970 – The Kenbak-1 is considered by the Computer History Museum to be the world’s first personal computer. It was designed and invented by John Blankenbaker of Kenbak Corporation. The system first sold for US$750. Only around 40 machines were ever built and sold.
1971 – Ray Tomlinson sent the first email.
1973 – Martin Cooper placed the first cell phone call on April 3, 1973, while general manager of Motorola’s Communications Systems Division. That first call was placed to Cooper’s rival at AT&T’s Bell Labs from the streets of New York City.
1983 – Manny Fernandez, who started Gavilan Computer, promoted his machines as the first “laptop” computers in May 1983. Many historians consider the Gavilan as the first fully functional laptop computer.
1988 – The first true digital camera that recorded images as a computerized file was likely the Fuji DS-1P.
1989 – A graduate of Oxford University, Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web, an internet-based hypermedia initiative for global information sharing while at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory.
1991 – The first webcam was pointed at the Trojan Room coffee pot in the Cambridge University Computer Science Department.
1992 – The first smartphone was the IBM Simon.
1993 – In 1993, Apple Computer Inc. released the very first PDA(personal digital assistants) “The Newton”. In March 1996, Palm, Inc. delivered the industry’s first truly compelling handheld computer, the PalmPilot.
1993 – Doom, developed by id Software popularized online gaming.
1994 – Carnegie Mellon University built the first wireless Internet network at its Pittsburgh campus.
1996 – WRAL, Raleigh-Durham, N.C. became the first Local TV Station to transmit Digital TV.
1997 – The first recognizable social network site was SixDegrees.com.