Spanish American War – 1898-1901
Timeline of Spanish American War:
1895: Cuban nationalists revolt against Spanish rule
1896: Spanish General Weyler (the “Butcher”) comes to Cuba.
1897: Spain recalls Weyler
Early 1898: USS Maine sent to Cuba
February 9, 1898: Hearst publishes Dupuy du Lome’s letter insulting McKinley.
February 15, 1898: Sinking of the USS Maine
February 25, 1898: Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt cables Commodore Dewey with plan: attack the Philippines if war with Spain breaks out
April 11, 1898: McKinley approves war with Spain
April 24, 1898: Spain declares war on the US
April 25, 1898: US declares war on Spain
May 1, 1898: Battle of Manila Bay (Philippines)
May, 1898: Passage of the Teller Amendment. July 1, 1898: San Juan Hill taken by “Rough Riders”
July 3, 1898: Battle of Santiago Spain’s Caribbean fleet destroyed. July 7, 1898: Hawaii annexed
July 17, 1898: City of Santiago surrenders to General William Shafter
August 12, 1898: Spain signs armistice
August 13, 1898: US troops capture Manila
December 10, 1898: Treaty of Paris signed US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.
January 23, 1899: Philippines declares itself an independent republic Led by Emilio Aguinaldo, the self-declared Filipino government fights a guerrilla war against the US that lasts longer than the Spanish-American War itself.
February 6, 1899: the Treaty of Paris passes in the Senate
1900: Foraker Act Some self-government allowed in Puerto Rico.
1901: Supreme Court Insular Cases
March 1901: Emilio Auginaldo captured.
1901: Platt Amendment
1902: US withdraws from Cuba
1917: Puerto Ricans given US citizenship
Major Historical Figures: Theodore Roosevelt, José Martí, Valeriano Weyler, William McKinley, George Dewey, William T. Sampson, Winfield Scott Schley, William Rufus Shafter, William Randolph Hearst